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"GENERGY" - Gravity ENERGY


"THE WORLD'S MOST POWERFUL, AVAILABLE, RELIABLE, AFFORDABLE, AND CLEAN ENERGY SOURCE"

 

Contact Us At: info@gravitybuoyancy.com

 

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Scroll Down For Very Detailed Information About Genergy

 

 

Genergy Summary

Rules

 

These rules setup a meaningful dialogue about Genergy.

 

Rule 1

NewtonÕs 3 Laws are used.

Rule 2

Genergy is an ÒopenÓ system.

Rule 3

All calculations will be done in AIR or in WATER: NOT BOTH.

Rule 4

Numeric values will be used for all discussions.

 

Genergy claims;

  1. Gravity is the only force applied to mass to transfer energy.
  1. The space inside of the hull underwater can be used to drop weight on a crankshaft to spin an electrical generator.
  1. The container on the lever arm can be ejected out of the hull with less energy than is produced from the power stroke.
  1. The container outside in water can have air injected inside to remove enough water to float the container back to start another cycle.
  1. The combined energy used for all movement apart from generating electricity is less than 80% of the total energy produced.
  1. The submerged power generator can be scaled easily by varying the container mass; changing gearing; and by lever quantity.

 

Here is an example of a rule;

 

Gravitational Potential Energy (ÒgpeÓ) is the stored energy of a system because some mass is above something else.  The 3 parts of gpe are mass, ÒgÓ (acceleration of gravity on earth 9.8 m/s2), and height.  That is not a guess or a suggestion it is a Law of Physics.

So m = 500,000 kg and h = 100 meters and g are multiplied to give us a gpe of 4,900,000 joules.

The RULES donÕt allow for denying this.  It is true.  That is it!

HOW CAN WE BE SURE?  HOW CAN WE BE SO ABSOLUTELY POSITIVE?

Every single movement in the Genergy has been described in detail and the Laws of Physics that apply have been documented.  Numeric values have been assigned.  The Potential Energy (PE) translates into Kinetic Energy (KE).  Every force and opposing force has been carefully described and quantified.

 

The most significant opposing or resistant force comes from water at great depth.  This force creates pressure in the opposite direction of the container movement.  The force has been carefully documented and quantified.  Genergy uses energy from the system that is capable of overcoming the resistant force but does not use up the entire PE.

 

WHAT ARE THE LAWS OF PHYSICS THAT APPLY?

 

Physical Law

Application

Description or Formula

NewtonÕs First Law

Startup and Maintenance: When we startup the power plant everything will be at rest.  To get the flywheel moving and to stop it for maintenance we will deal with massive inertia

Newton's First Law states that an object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a straight line unless acted upon by an external force. It may be seen as a statement about inertia, that objects will remain in their state of motion unless a force acts to change the motion. Any change in motion involves an acceleration, and then Newton's Second Law applies; in fact, the First Law is just a special case of the Second Law for which the net external force is zero.

NewtonÕs Second Law

Net External Force: Only after overcoming the opposing forces of the flywheel, gears, generators, etc with force of gravity push the lever down

F=MA

NewtonÕs Third Law

Replenishing Water for Each Cycle

Newton's third law: All forces in the universe occur in equal but oppositely directed pairs. There are no isolated forces; for every external force that acts on an object there is a force of equal magnitude but opposite direction which acts back on the object which exerted that external force. In the case of internal forces, a force on one part of a system will be countered by a reaction force on another part of the system so that an isolated system cannot by any means exert a net force on the system as a whole. A system cannot "bootstrap" itself into motion with purely internal forces - to achieve a net force and an acceleration, it must interact with an object external to itself.

 

 

 


 

Physical Law

Application

Description or Formula

Conservation of Momentum

Lever and the Generator

The momentum of an isolated system is a constant. The vector sum of the momenta mv of all the objects of a system cannot be changed by interactions within the system. This puts a strong constraint on the types of motions which can occur in an isolated system. If one part of the system is given a momentum in a given direction, then some other part or parts of the system must simultaneously be given exactly the same momentum in the opposite direction. As far as we can tell, conservation of momentum is an absolute symmetry of nature. That is, we do not know of anything in nature that violates it.

Conservation of Energy

Once Water Is Positioned Inside the Air Cavity where we have our generator room the SYSTEM IS ISOLATED.  The energy inside the generator room is all that we will ever have until we add more energy from outside.  When we calculate how much net power we can send to a utility we start with the mass in the chamber and the height and subtract all of the external energy transferred to parts within the system. 

BUT THAT DOES NOT MEAN WE CANNOT ADD MORE WATER LATER.

Energy can be defined as the capacity for doing work. It may exist in a variety of forms and may be transformed from one type of energy to another. However, these energy transformations are constrained by a fundamental principle, the Conservation of Energy principle. One way to state this principle is "Energy can neither be created nor destroyed". Another approach is to say that the total energy of an isolated system remains constant.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Physical Law

Application

Description or Formula

Conservation of Angular Momentum

Rotating Objects: Gears, Wheels, Flywheels, and Generators.  If we use the lever and flywheel we have a very high demand for understanding the rotational tradeoffs.  A Linear Generator is extremely simple!  But, while attending a lecture at the University of California, Irvine the representative from Southern California Edison told us that ÒSCE is looking for technology that is massive.  We are looking for solutions to change the variable nature of renewable energy like solar and wind.  We are investigating battery and flywheel technology to deliver renewable energy steadily like coal, diesel, and nuclear.Ó

Flywheels are a tremendous balancing and storing device.

The angular momentum of an isolated system remains constant in both magnitude and direction. The angular momentum is defined as the product of the moment of inertia I and the angular velocity. The angular momentum is a vector quantity and the vector sum of the angular momenta of the parts of an isolated system is constant. This puts a strong constraint on the types of rotational motions which can occur in an isolated system. If one part of the system is given an angular momentum in a given direction, then some other part or parts of the system must simultaneously be given exactly the same angular momentum in the opposite direction. As far as we can tell, conservation of angular momentum is an absolute symmetry of nature. That is, we do not know of anything in nature that violates it.

Buoyancy

Floating, Sinking, and Rising

Buoyancy arises from the fact that fluid pressure increases with depth and from the fact that the increased pressure is exerted in all directions (Pascal's principle) so that there is an unbalanced upward force on the bottom of a submerged object.


 

Physical Law

Application

Description or Formula

Archimedes Principle

How big will we make things?

How heavy will we make things?

What Shape will we make things?

How much water do we need inside our bucket?

The buoyant force on a submerged object is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. This principle is useful for determining the volume and therefore the density of an irregularly shaped object by measuring its mass in air and its effective mass when submerged in water (density = 1 gram per cubic centimeter). This effective mass under water will be its actual mass minus the mass of the fluid displaced. The difference between the real and effective mass therefore gives the mass of water displaced and allows the calculation of the volume of the irregularly shaped object (like the king's crown in the Archimedes story). The mass divided by the volume thus determined gives a measure of the average density of the object. Archimedes found that the density of the king's supposedly gold crown was actually much less than the density of gold -- implying that it was either hollow or filled with a less dense substance.

Lever

Driveshaft

The lever is one of the so-called "simple machines" from which many more complex machines are derived. With a lever, one can obtain a multiplication of force, but of course not a multiplication of energy. The multiplication of force can be seen to arise from the equilibrium of torques, where an input force Fe with a long lever arm Le can balance a larger resistance force Fr with a short lever arm Lr.

Static Fluid Pressure

How deep will we go?

The pressure in a static fluid arises from the weight of the fluid and is given by the expression

Pstatic fluid = ρgh where

ρ = m/V = fluid density
g = acceleration of gravity
h = depth of fluid


 

Physical Law

Application

Description or Formula

Hydraulic Pressure

Hydraulic and Pneumatic Applications.  When we use a hydraulic system to brake the lever fall and also to eject the container we need hydraulic pressure to overcome resistance to do valuable Òwork.Ó  This is a cogeneration strategy.

A multiplication of force can be achieved by the application of fluid pressure according to Pascal's principle, which for the two pistons implies

P1 = P2

 

Entropy

This is ÒlostÓ energy unless we can recapture it for some useful purpose.

A measure of the amount of energy which is unavailable to do work.

Lorentz force law

Magnets and Generators are going to be used.

Both the electric field and magnetic field can be defined from the Lorentz force law:

 


 

Physical Law

Application

Description or Formula

MaxwellÕs Law

Electricity

Maxwell's Equations

Maxwell's equations represent one of the most elegant and concise ways to state the fundamentals of electricity and magnetism. From them one can develop most of the working relationships in the field. Because of their concise statement, they embody a high level of mathematical sophistication and are therefore not generally introduced in an introductory treatment of the subject, except perhaps as summary relationships.

These basic equations of electricity and magnetism can be used as a starting point for advanced courses, but are usually first encountered as unifying equations after the study of electrical and magnetic phenomena.

Symbols Used

E = Electric field

ρ = charge density

i = electric current

B = Magnetic field

ε0 = permittivity

J = current density

D = Electric displacement

μ0 = permeability

c = speed of light

H = Magnetic field strength

M = Magnetization

P = Polarization

 


 

WHAT ABOUT THE ENGINEERING INVOLVED? 

CAN WE MAKE A SUBMERGED POWER GENERATOR?

 

  1. Submarines, Deep Sea Drilling, and Offshore Oil & Gas Platforms have comparable technology that is designed to go down much deeper than a Submerged Power Generator.
  2. Aircraft carriers, Oil & Gas platforms and super tankers have similar size.
  3. Skyscrapers are taller than an SPG.
  4. Dams like Hoover, Three Gorges, and Itaipu use generators that an SPG will use.
  5. Power plants use air compressors that the SPG will use.
  6. Submarines produce air underwater from hydrolysis.
  7. Torpedo tubes open, close, let in, and pump out water like the SPG.
  8. Transformers are the same as large on-land plants.
  9. Undersea cables for high voltage have been used for 50-years.
  10. Large Toroidal gearboxes can handle the gearing of the loads we expect.

 

Almost every separate component required to build an SPG is in production today.  The only difference is that they have never been assembled in this manner to do this job.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOW MATURE IS THE TECHNOLOGY?

 

Genergy technology is mature!  The SPG is a new integration and application but it is not new parts.  Unlike other new innovative attempts to harness natural energy Genergy uses GRAVITY as its ONLY FORCE.  Gravity is a positional force that acts on

 

This Table Examines the Maturity of each separate technology that the SPG combines by listing the relevant engineering and physics. 

(Duplicate engineering will not be entered in each field)

 

 

 

TECHNOLOGY

SPG RELEVANT ENGINEERING

SPG RELEVANT PHYSICS

Submarines

Submersion; Ballast; Air Lock; Ventilation; Electrical; Insulation; Material Selection; Maintenance & Repair; Weight & Balance

static fluid pressure; buoyancy; thermodynamics; pressure

Offshore Platforms and Deepwater Drilling

Kinetic energy of waves and currents

Waves and motion

Aircraft carriers and Super Tankers

Material Selection and Positioning large components during construction

Friction and Corrosion

Skyscrapers

Exoskeleton support; Dynamic Balancing

Balance and Static Pressure

Dams

Levers; Gears; Flywheels; Durability; and Safety

PE: KE; EMF

Torpedoes & Missiles

Shape

Motion with linear drag

Transformers

Connections; Wires; Losses; Voltage; Amperage; SAFETY

EMF; Thermodynamics; Resistance

Air Compressors

Tanks; Lines; Actuators; and Switches

Bernouilli; Ideal Gas Law; kinetic pressure

Power Plants

Metering and interconnection

Flow

Undersea Cabling and Anchoring

Conduit size; Wire size; Ship availability; Anchor size and shape; depth and placement

Materials

Gearing (possibly Toroidal)

Size; shape; clutch; ratio

Angular velocity

 

 

 

 


 

http://www.usbr.gov/lc/hooverdam/faqs/powerfaq.html

 

General Facts on Hydropower

Hydroelectricity is a clean, renewable (the water is not consumed and can be used for other purposes) source of energy that does not result in air pollution, chemical runoff, or toxic waste, and is therefore beneficial to the environment.  However, the construction of dams to provide hydroelectricity can affect the ecology of an area, so careful planning and licensing of hydroelectric dams are required to minimize such impacts.

68 words

Genergy Facts on Hydropower

Hydroelectricity is a clean, renewable (the water is not consumed and can be used for other purposes) source of energy that does not result in air pollution, chemical runoff, or toxic waste, and is therefore beneficial to the environment.  However, the construction of dams to provide hydroelectricity can affect the ecology of an area, so careful planning and licensing of hydroelectric dams are required to minimize such impacts.  But Genergy Hydropower has a considerably lower negative impact on the environment and ecology of a region.  Marine biologists may find that Genergy dams promote marine life ecosystems.

96 words  28 words added none changed

What are the primary parts of a generating unit?

 

  • The Exciter. The exciter is itself a small generator that makes electricity, which is sent to the rotor, charging it with a magnetic field.

  • The Rotor. The rotor is a series of electromagnets, also called poles. The rotor is connected to the shaft, so that the rotor rotates when the shaft rotates.
  • The Stator. The stator is a coil of copper wire. It is stationary.

 

  • The Shaft. The shaft connects the exciter and the rotor to the turbine.

 

  • The Turbine. The shaft connects the exciter and the rotor to the turbine.  Water strikes the turbine causing it to spin. Hoover Dam uses Francis turbines.

 

118 words

What are the primary parts of a generating unit?

 

  • The Exciter. The exciter is itself a small generator that makes electricity, which is sent to the rotor, charging it with a magnetic field.

  • The Rotor. The rotor is a series of electromagnets, also called poles. The rotor is connected to the shaft, so that the rotor rotates when the shaft rotates.
  • The Stator. The stator is a coil of copper wire. It is stationary.

 

  • The Shaft. The shaft connects the exciter and the rotor to the turbine.

 

á     The Turbine. The shaft connects the exciter and the rotor to the turbine.  Water IS PLACED ON the turbine lever causing a large flywheel to spin.  The flywheel stores and balances energy and then gears cause the generator to spin. THE SPG uses a proprietary turbine system.

139 words  1 word changed  20 words added

 

 

 

General Facts on Hydropower

 

http://www.usbr.gov/lc/hooverdam/faqs/powerfaq.html

 

Genergy Facts on Hydropower

 

15 words added

 

General Facts on Hydropower

 

http://www.usbr.gov/lc/hooverdam/faqs/powerfaq.html

 

Genergy Facts on Hydropower

 

How does a generator produce electricity?

Water flows through large pipes inside a dam and turns a large wheel called a turbine.  The turbine turns a shaft which rotates a series of magnets past copper coils and a generator to produce electricity.  This converts the energy of falling water into mechanical energy to drive the generator. 

HereÕs a more detailed explanation: The waterÕs force on the blades of the turbine turns a rotor – a series of magnets - which is the rotating portion of the generator where a magnetic field is created.  The stator is the stationary part of the generator made of coils of copper wire. Electricity is produced as the magnets of the rotors spin past the stationary wiring of the stator.  This concept was discovered by scientist Michael Faraday in 1831 when he found that electricity could be created by rotating magnets within copper coils.

148 Words

How does a generator produce electricity with Genergy?

Water flows through a filter inside our dam and is placed inside a bucket with a lid.  Then the container is placed on the turbine lever and turns a large flywheel.  The flywheel turns gears that turn a shaft that rotates a series of magnets past copper coils and a generator to produce electricity.  This converts the energy of falling water into mechanical energy to drive the generator. 

HereÕs a more detailed explanation: The waterÕs force on the lever of the turbine turns a rotor – a series of magnets - which is the rotating portion of the generator where a magnetic field is created.  The stator is the stationary part of the generator made of coils of copper wire. Electricity is produced as the magnets of the rotors spin past the stationary wiring of the stator.  This concept was discovered by scientist Michael Faraday in 1831 when he found that electricity could be created by rotating magnets within copper coils.

168 Words  10 words changed   10 words added

 

266 Words Total

322 Words Total  11 Words Changed  45 words added

With the complete description of how electricity is produced

We have a total difference in verbiage of 21%

We need 16.9 % more words to describe what we add and

4.1% that is different from Hoover Dam

 

 

 

Rules -- Common Errors

 

After 3-years of debate with Physicists and Engineers who see the SPG and Genergy as a violation of the Laws of Thermodynamics it is clear that the majority of these people are NOT capable of separating elements in our system!

 

THEIR FATAL ERROR IS MOST OFTEN IN THEIR PERCEPTION OF

WHAT THEY ÒTHINKÓ GENERGY CLAIMS

 

  1. Error 1 is when a person looks at the system as ÒClosed.Ó  They think that we are claiming that the energy to run the entire system is finite.  Although everyone understands that Gravity is INFINITE and that water underwater is INFINITE (by definition of ÒunderwaterÓ).  Ninety nine percent (99%) immediately ask for ÒWave, tidal, current, or some other power source;Ó and the same percentage claim that ÒSolarÓ is the ONLY TRUE RENEWABLE.  These same people claim that solar power is the true source of hydropower although solar radiation causes evaporation based on Archimedes Principle that is totally gravity based.  Condensation and precipitation are One Hundred Percent (100%) powered by gravity.  Gravity is so ubiquitous and antiquated that it is passĀŽ!
    1. ÒMGHÓ is a fundamental law of physics.  Replenishing the lost water we ejected is simple and costs practically nothing in terms of overall energy.
    2. PE starts at the TOP of the system.  We donÕt calculate the PE in the Staging Area because we are using most of it in a non-generating fashion.  We calculate the losses to the overall system against the MGH or ÒPEÓ (potential gravitational energy) within the air environment of the 100-meter system.
    3. We calculate the PE in the Exit Chamber because we have design options for either mechanical or electromagnetic cogeneration primarily as a braking mechanism.  But we also calculate the mechanical hydraulic energy cost and the pneumatic energy cost to both eject the container/bucket and keep water outside the inner system.  The cogeneration methodology of our lever system both brakes the fall and pushes the water and container outside easily and quickly.
    4. We do not calculate the PE of the fall from the bottom of the hull to the air station.  We do calculate the cost of energy involved in displacing water to make the container/bucket buoyant.
    5. Now we access a new source of energy.  Rather than worrying about closely engineering the density of the container/bucket of water during the fall we go for weight to produce more power.  We adequately deduct the energy loss according to ALL THE APPROPRIATE LAWS OF PHYSICS.  But after deducting these energy costs we have potential energy because of the buoyant force that will ÒpushÓ the container/bucket of water upward through our linear generator system.  We paid for the PE and we will recapture some of it.
    6. Kinetic energy pushing the container/bucket of water (and air) upward will also propel the container/bucket of water (and air) back into the Staging Area.
    7. There are 5 distinct PE/KE systems NOT 1.  They are renewable and calculable.  Only sloppy science lumping the entire picture into a simplistic analogy of past experience will yield a ÒPerpetual Motion Machine!Ó

 

 

  1. Error 2 fails to take into account the Mechanical Advantage of engineering we accomplish with a Lever and the design of the container/bucket of water.  By using a lever to amplify the torque to a massive flywheel when we start the system we are able to obtain rotational inertia that rivals a nuclear power plant.  This is accomplished in the setup of the system just as every other power plant has a Òstartup cycleÓ that relies on external power to get the operation up and running.  The torque is stored in the flywheel first.  We choose the lever to be extremely long in our first design because we choose to operate a large flywheel to meet the utility request for ÒmassiveÓ energy supply compared to the sporadic and small supply that other renewable energy sources provide.  We choose the lever also because it gives us leverage to not only power the flywheel but also to produce extremely powerful hydraulic and pneumatic forces.  The cogeneration strategy of the SPG in its initial design concept is almost identical to locomotives!  The hydraulic and pneumatic forces also give us mechanical advantage when we must eject the container/bucket of water.  We correctly account for the range of motion and the size differential of hydraulic cylinders.
    When designing the container/bucket of water to enter the ambient pressure of water at great depth we account for the surface area to be small.  This gives us great mechanical advantage over the water pressure just as a missile has tremendous mechanical advantage over air resistance at great speed or a torpedo has a mechanical advantage over water resistance.  This is engineering.  Failure to account for the mechanical advantage of our design also brings the wrong conclusion.

  2. Error 3 is the result of subjectivity.  This is the all to common reliance of experience to quickly judge the SPG because it is such old and simple science.  It is incredible to me that no one prior to myself has come up with this concept and design.  Now we understand that mathematics must be applied every instance to overcome perception.  The number 1 complaint is that we violate the laws of entropy (hardly applicable to our system anyway because of our very low thermal output) and Conservation Laws.  However when asked to review our calculations we find many scientists unwilling to check their assumptions and calculations.

  3. NASA websites; USGS websites; Hyperphysics websites (Georgia State University); and Wikipedia all have detailed explanations that have been peer reviewed and been found to be accurate and reliable. The foundations of Genergy are based on kindergarten physics.  The uniqueness of Genergy is taking two simple concepts in physics - gravity and buoyancy - and combining these two principles into an open system that creates energy.  Sometimes the obvious is not apparent to others, in spite of the simple solution.  Why?  Because our solution requires thinking out of the box in ways that scientists and engineers have missed.  The beauty of Genergy is that we applied laws of physics to an open system in a new way.  The result is -------

 

"GENERGY" - Gravity ENERGY
"THE WORLD'S MOST POWERFUL, AVAILABLE, RELIABLE, AFFORDABLE, AND CLEAN ENERGY SOURCE"

 

 

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